Functional fabrics: playing with technology

- Feb 19, 2019-

Functional fabrics may be a strange term to many of you, but if someone tells you about outdoor jacket, mountaineering clothes, and quick-dry clothes, you know it.These clothes are not so different from the clothes we usually wear in appearance, but they have some "special" functions, such as waterproof and quick air drying, which is the result of functional fabrics.

Functional fabrics refer to the addition of various functional preparations and processes in the production process and after finishing by changing the properties of fabrics, so as to make the fabrics have special functions and super performance.


Functional fabrics are generally divided into two categories

1、Sports functional fabric

This kind of fabric is mainly used in mountaineering suits, ski suits and storm coats. It is suitable for use in sports functions and harsh environments and can protect people.Sports functional fabrics are tested for shrinkage, seam slip, elongation strength, tear strength, PH value, water resistance, water pressure resistance, moisture permeability, rain, light, water, sweat, friction, machine wash and other physical properties.

2、Leisure functional fabrics

This kind of fabric is mainly casual fashion, pay attention to fine workmanship, soft feel, comfortable to wear.Main functional fabrics

1. Super waterproof fabric

Common raincoat can waterproof, but permeability is poor, go against perspiration.

Moisture permeable and waterproof fabrics, the use of water vapor particles and the size of raindrops difference, in the fabric surface adhere to the aperture is smaller than the raindrops of porous structure film, rain can not pass through, but water vapor, sweat can pass through, is conducive to air permeability.

2 flame retardant fabrics
Ordinary fabrics will burn when exposed to fire, while flame retardant fabrics will have permanent flame retardant properties through polymer polymerization, blending, co polymerization and composite spinning. Flame retardant fabrics mainly include: aramid fiber, flame retardant acrylic fiber, flame retardant viscose, flame retardant polyester fiber, flame retardant polyester fiber, etc.. It is suitable for making protective clothing in metallurgy, oil field, coal mine, chemical industry, electric power and fire protection industry.

3 Color-changing fabric
The color-changing fabric is made by sealing the color-changing material into microcapsules and dispersing them into the resin liquid and applying them on the cloth surface. The clothing made of it can change color with the changes of light, heat, liquid, pressure and electronic line. General production of traffic clothing, swimsuit, to play the role of safety protection, but also to make the stage outfit, to make the colorful effect.

4 Antistatic fabric
Adopt the method of hydrophilic finishing or adding conductive fiber, so that the fabric has the conductivity, this kind of fabric is not easy to absorb ash, anti-static, it is very suitable for making carpet and special work clothes such as dust-proof clothes.

5 Insulation fabric
Using zirconium carbide series compound particles added to nylon and polyester fiber, it can efficiently absorb solar energy and convert into heat, namely far infrared insulation. Suitable for making clothes in cold environment.

6、Anti-radiation fabric
Daily life in contact with mobile phones and computers, it is inevitable to worry about the problem of radiation. Are there any anti-radiation fabrics?

1 Metal fiber fabric
The stainless steel is drawn into very fine silk and blended with the fabric .
This fabric has the advantage of good air permeability. When the fabric burns, a metal mesh is left behind. Can be washed.
The protection is suitable for families to watch TV and offices to work. In general, it can play a good protective role. Radiation-proof clothing is made of this material.

2 Metallized fabric
Electrolysis is the use of metal penetration into the fabric, the formation of metal conductive, thereby achieving the electromagnetic shielding effect.
Strong protection ability, suitable for telecom transmitter room. However, the thick fabric has poor air permeability, which is suitable for high-power radiation places such as telecom high-power transmitter.

7. Antibacterial and deodorant fabrics
Traditionally, antibacterial agents have been added to fabrics through a subsequent shaping process using post-treatment techniques. However, the increase of washing times will reduce the antibacterial effect. The silver ion fiber used now is a kind of functional fiber made of antibacterial silver material after high-tech processing, melting into the spinning melt, and then spinning processing, with lasting antibacterial, bactericidal and antibacterial effects and harmless to human body.

8. Far-infrared functional fiber fabric
Has the fine health care physiotherapy, the platoon drenching air and the bacteriostasis function, it can absorb the human body to send out the heat, the absorption and the emission return human body most needs the far infrared ray, promotes the blood circulation and has the warm, the antibacterial, the physiotherapy function. Mainly made into underwear, pants, MATS and so on.
The development of science and technology and the improvement of technology level make the development of functional fabrics present the trend of diversification of raw materials, individuation of style and diversification of function, and meet people's needs for clothing comfort and protection in leisure, tourism, outdoor sports and outdoor activities.
When people prefer to choose differentiated functional fabrics in different working and living environments, it is believed that the research and development of functional fabrics are bound to keep growing!